Some diseases and health problems involve processes that can only be studied in living organisms.
Animals are necessary to medical research because it is impractical or unethical to use humans. Animals make good research subjects for a variety of reasons.
2. Background and objectives
Animals are biologically similar to humans. They are susceptible to many of the same health problems, and they have short life-cycles so they can easily be studied throughout their whole life-span or across several generations. In addition, scientists can easily control the environment around animals diet, temperature, lighting , which would be difficult to do with people. Finally, a primary reason why animals are used is that most people feel it would be wrong to deliberately expose human beings to health risks in order to observe the course of a disease.
Animals are used in research to develop drugs and medical procedures to treat diseases. Scientists may discover such drugs and procedures using alternative research methods that do not involve animals.
Zebrafish's growing impact on medical research -- ScienceDaily
- The Mouse in Biomedical Research, Volume 2 - 2nd Edition.
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Animal Models in Biomedical Research
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